Bacteria in the sinuses can cause sinusitis, which is usually more severe and with longer-lasting symptoms than sinusitis caused by a virus. Bacterial infections can occur alone or be precipitated by a preceding viral-upper respiratory tract infection.
Judicious use of antibiotics for what is truly determined to be a bacterial infection is very important. Antibiotics have no role in the treatment of a viral sinusitis and will promote resistant bacteria. The most common cause of acute bacterial sinusitis is the bacteria streptococcus pneumoniae, which can be resistant to the most common antibiotics, given at standard dosages.
There are other antibiotics, however, which can be given to treat the infection. Patients who have repeated bacterial sinus infections are advised to have the pneumococcal vaccine, as it often prevents most infections caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. Nevertheless, acute and chronic sinusitis can be caused by a multitude of other bacteria that at times require aggressive treatment regimens of antibiotics for extended courses of as much as six weeks.
If you suffer from bacterial infections, Sinus Solutions at Gwinnett Medical Center can help you find sinus relief.
Find a physician now, or call 678-312-5000.