Lung Cancer Screening
200,000 people are diagnosed with lung cancer in the United States each year, and nearly 90% of them will die from the disease as it is usually discovered at an advanced stage. Screening is an important tool in fighting lung cancer, because when it is found early, it is much more likely to be treatable.
The Cancer Institute's lung screening program is recognized by the Lung Cancer Alliance as a Center of Excellence. Based on this designation, we are committed to providing a high quality screening program that includes compliance with national standards on the most up-to-date best practices for managing screening quality, radiation dose and diagnostic procedures.
What is a low dose CT screening exam for lung cancer?
Low dose computerized tomography (LDCT) is a quick, painless exam done without any X-ray dye (or contrast). The CT scanner scans the chest using low doses of radiation to make a series of detailed pictures of the lungs.
Who should have a lung screening exam and when?
The goal of lung screening exams is to determine if nodules or masses are present in those patients who may not have symptoms but may be at risk for the disease. Smoking is the biggest risk factor for lung cancer. The risk of developing lung cancer increases with the amount and the length of time a person smokes.
The recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force for being screened include:
Males and females between the ages of 55-80 years, and
Current or former smokers (who have quit in the past 15 years), and
Heavy smokers - a history of 30 pack years or more
A pack year is smoking an average of 1 pack of cigarettes per day per year (example: 30 year pack history by smoking 1 pack a day for 30 years or 2 packs a day for 15 years).
Note: You would be excluded from a lung screening if you have had a previous diagnosis of lung cancer.
How often should I be screened?
Potential benefits and risks of lung cancer screening with low-dose CT scans:
The goal of lung cancer screening is to find cancer at an early stage. Identifying cancer early increases the chance that it can be successfully treated and possibly cured. Low-dose CT scans detect early stage cancer more accurately than other screening methods, such as chest X-rays.
Lung cancer screening with low-dose CT scans also has potential risks. The CT test can show “false-positive” results, suggesting that a person has lung cancer when he or she does not. This can lead to additional testing, anxiety for the patient, and increased cost. People also receive radiation during low-dose CT scans. Although the dose of radiation received during the scan is relatively small, radiation from repeated scans can cause cancer in otherwise healthy people. Lung screening may also detect abnormal findings in other areas of the body such as the thyroid, liver, kidneys and adrenal glands. This can lead to additional testing and costs as well.
How do I schedule this exam?
Patients must have a signed prescription. Currently, most insurance companies do not cover this exam. There is a $150.00 fee, payable at the time the test is performed. This fee covers the test and interpretation of the test. Test results will be sent to the ordering physician.
Call 678-312-3444 to schedule an appointment.
For more information or questions, contact Nancy McCormick, RN, BSN, Thoracic Nurse Navigator at 678-312-3189.